Our Visit to Organic Farming in South KoreaR.R. Suseela
I and my husband went to South Korea in 2011, stayed there with my daughter's family for 3 months. We were excited to see the country which was our first-time foreign trip. I want to share some of my experiences. I enjoyed it thoroughly and thought it would be great if this happens in our country India.
Rice production in South Korea is important for the food supply with rice being a common part of the Korean diet. Rice is the most important crop Cultivated and also a wide variety of fruits including tangerines and other citrus fruits, pears, grapes, persimmons, and strawberries, along with vegetables especially cabbages, brinjal, chilies, garlic, and flowers, are increasingly important.
We got a nice opportunity to visit an organic farm in an organic village nearly 100 km from GWANJU town where we were with our daughter's family. The farm owner runs a residential school of agriculture. After seeking their appointment I and my husband went homestay in that village with them for 3 days. We were impressed very much by the farming activities practiced there.
The name of the village is Dory, surrounded by mountains, water trickles down the mountain and they have formed a water canal to collect water. The optimum season in South Korea for paddy is May- June and our time also coincided with that. The farming activity was very busy. We were able to see different stages of paddy from nursery to tillering.
Rice is the major cultivated crop along with some vegetables and fruits. There is one agriculture extension center of government that takes care of technical advice and also distributes organic fertilizers and biofertilizers and bio-fungicides to the villagers. We were surprised to see the entire village follows only the organic products and could not see any chemical inputs.
They follow the integrated farming technique. They plant single seedlings in rows and kept fishes in the paddy fields with a cage kept inside the field for the ducks. The ducks keep on swimming in the paddy fields eating pests and worms available in the field and stirring the soil which creates a good atmosphere for paddy growth. The litter of ducks has good nutritive value and give eggs,
A common dairy shed was there where cattle were maintained. Polygreen houses were also there and cucumbers and melons were grown.
They grow vegetables like brinjal. Chilies, onion, garlic, tomato laying mulching sheets which avoid weed growth and water conservation
The small amount of starchy sticky food along with more vegetables like a sprouted bean, garlic, and chicken and beef keep the south Korean people stay healthy and fit.
They are more particular to pass their culture to the young generation. We spent a nice time with Mr.Yongjae Hahm with his family and with the students by exchanging our customs and traditions of India.